Brief bios of key people
Brief bios of key people
- Frédéric Benhamou (LINA) is Professor in Computer Science at the University of Nantes where he heads the CNRS ICT research cluster AtlanSTIC. His work is in the field of Decision Support and Optimization, where he has made seminal contributions on continuous constraint programming. He co-edited several books and journal special issues, and is the author of a number of scientific articles, two of which counting more than 300 citations. He participated in six European projects and a network of excellence. He was Program chair of CP 2006 and Area chair of ECAI 2008. He has been providing expertise for various international agencies and is a board member of Informatics Europe
- Albert Benveniste (INRIA-Rennes, Project Coordinator) is Directeur de Recherche at INRIA, Rennes. CNRS Silver Medal 1990, IEEE Fellow 1991, Grand Prix France Telecom of the French Academy of Sciences 2008. Member of the scientific advisory boards of Safran group and France Telecom. Albert Benveniste co-founded and is Scientific Director of the Alcatel-Lucent / INRIA joint research lab. He has made important contributions to digital communications by proposing one of the first two algorithms for blind equalization (IEEE Trans on Automatic Control best paper 1980), to system identification in control science (co-authoring the book "Adaptive systems and stochastic approximations"), he was co-inventor of the Signal synchronous language for safety critical embedded systems development in computer science. AB's interests also include vibration mechanics and Web services and network autonomic management.
- Claude Berrou (Telecom Bretagne), Member of the French Académie des Sciences, IEEE Richard Hamming medal 2003, Grand Prix France Télécom de l'Académie des sciences 2003, Marconi prize 2005, IEEE Fellow 2008. In collaboration with Prof. Alain Glavieux, he introduced the concept of probabilistic feedback into error correcting decoders and developed a new family of quasi-optimal error correction codes, that he nicknamed turbo codes. He also pioneered the extension of the turbo principle to joint detection and decoding processing, known today as turbo-detection and turbo-equalization. He is now strongly involved in research on computational Intelligence.
- Jean-Louis de Bougrenet de la Tocnaye (Telecom Bretagne), is a specialist in liquid crystals, diffractive optics and their applications to optics and telecommunications. Creator and CEO of the Optogone company, he was awarded in 2001 by Anvar (special prize), received the CapitalIT and Cambridge Entrepreneurship in 2002. He also co-funded the Lyxis (2006), Holotetrix (2007) and Eyes3shut (2009) companies and received the Technical achievement SPIE Award in 2006.
- Christian Brosseau (LabSTICC) has published over 140 refereed journal articles on a wide variety of theoretical and experimental topics and presented over 90 papers at conferences. He is an OSA Fellow, a Fellow of the Electromagnetics Academy, and a Fellow of the Institute of Physics. He has also written two books. His research interests include applied optics, image processing, all aspects of computational electromagnetics, and electromagnetic wave propagation in complex media.
- Jean-Louis Coatrieux (LTSI) is Inserm Director of Research and Adjunct Professor at NJIT, USA. He has provided in BME well-recognized contributions in 3D image reconstruction and analysis, computer graphics and rendering, signal processing and modelling.
- Jean-Claude Daubert (LTSI) is Professor and Honorary President of the French Society of Cardiology. He has invented and implemented the concept of cardiac resynchronisation therapy.
- Jean-François Hélard (IETR) is Full Professor at INSA-Rennes and Deputy Director of IETR. Involved in several European and national research projects in the field of digital communications, he has provided widely recognized contributions on signal processing techniques for digital communications, such as multi-carrier modulation, space-time and MIMO systems, multi-user communications.
- Eric Jamet (MSHB) is a professor of cognitive ergonomics at the University of Rennes 2. He is the head of the experimental psychology lab (one of the 4 teams composing the CRPCC) and the head of LOUSTIC, a multidisciplinary ICT Usage Lab. His research focuses on various issues related to the cognitive processing of complex documents and human-machine interaction: e-learning, multimedia and multimodality, user experience and ICT acceptance. He has published numerous peer-reviewed articles and managed many research projects with other laboratories or industrial partners.
- Thomas Jensen (INRIA-Rennes) is Directeur de Recherche at INRIA-Rennes where he leads the group on program analysis since 1999. He has made major contribution to the foundations of static analysis and its application to the security of software. Recently, he has played a central role in the European FET-IP Mobius project's development of a proof-carrying code architecture based on certified static analysis and in the French National Security Agency's evaluation of the security of Java. Since 2006 he is scientific directr of the INRIA Rennes-Bretagne Atlantique center.
- Jean-Marc Jezequel (IRISA) is a professor of Computer Science at the University of Rennes 1, and heads the INRIA Project-Team Triskell, a world-leader in the domain of Model Driven Software Engineering for component based, dynamically adaptable systems. He is the author of several books published by Addison-Wesley and of more than 150 publications in international journals and conferences. He was a key player in several European Netwroks of Excellence, including Artist2, AOSD-Europe, S-Cube and NeSSoS. He is a member of the steering committees of the AOSD and MODELS conference series and served on the editorial boards of IEEE TSE, SoSyM and JOT.
- Anne-Marie Kermarrec (INRIA-Rennes) is Directeur de Recherche at INRIA-Rennes. She is the head of the ASAP research group and the Principal Investigator of the ERC Starting grant GOSSPLE (2008-2013). Before joining INRIA in February 2004, she was with Microsoft Research in Cambridge since March 2000, and in A. Tanenbaum's group at the VU in Amsterdam in 1997. She is internationally recognized in the area of peer to peer systems, gossip-based algorithms, content distribution and social networks.
- Ramesh Pyndiah (Telecom Bretagne) SMIEE, is full Professor at Telecom Bretagne and Head of the Signal and Communication department. His major contributions are in the area of block turbo codes. He was co-editor of special issues on turbo techniques (Eurasip and Annals of Telecom), TPC member of several major conferences on communications (ICC, Globecom, ECWT,..) and executive committee member of ICC'0, PIMRC'08 and ISTC (97,00,03 and 10). He chairs the IEEE ComSoc France chapter since 2000. He is recipient of the 2001 Blondel Medal (SEE).
- Michel Raynal (IRISA) is a professor of Computer Science at University of Rennes 1. His main research interests concern the basic principles of distributed computing. Professor Michel Raynal is a world-wide recognized expert in this domain. He has authored 9 books (Wiley, MIT Press, Morgan & Clapypool), more than 350 papers in int'l journals and conferences and received many "best paper" awards. He has given lectures on distributed computing all over the world and chaired more than 15 int'l conferences. He is a member of the Editotrial board of IEEE TC, IEEE TPDS and JPD , and a member of the steering committee of several int'l conferences.
- Christian Roux (LATIM) is Senior Vice-President for Research and Innovation at Ecole des Mines Saint- Etienne. He has provided outstanding contributions to the field of image and information processing in medical and biological engineering (AIMBE Fellow 2001) and to the theory of functional shapes in medical imaging (IEEE Fellow 2005). He is the coordinator of IMIF Equipex project.
- Ronan Sauleau (IETR) is a full professor at the University of Rennes 1. He has been involved is many national and European projects on antennas. Among those, he coordinates a network of Excellence on focusing systems supported by the European Science Foundation. He holds 5 patents, and has published 80 peer-reviewed journals papers and 200 publications in international conferences. He is CNRS Bronze medal 2008.
- André Seznec (INRIA-Rennes) is Directeur de Recherche at INRIA has been working on computer architecture at IRISA/INRIA-RBA since 1983. He has made major contributions on vector memory systems, pipeline structures, multithreading and multicores and widely recognized contributions on caches structure and branch predictors. Dr Seznec has been awarded an ERC advanced research grant in 2010, DAL, Defying Amdhal's Law.
- Jean-Claude Simon (FOTON) is recipient of the Fabry-de Grammont award of the French Optical Society in recognition of his contributions to advances in semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical communication. He is presently recognized through several invited talks for his research on 2R and 3R all-optical regeneration. Since 2003 he is representing France at the European Management Committee of the international ECOC conference. He is co-leader of the GT3 working group of Allistene Alliance. He is author or co-author of approximately 200 journal and conference papers including some 25 invited talks, 10 patents, and 3 book chapters. He has tight connections to industry, particularly with France Telecom R&D where he has spent 25 years as a researcher, and presently as one of the two leaders for the creation of a Foton - Orange Labs joint laboratory.
- Mario Sudholt (LINA) is a Professor in Computer Science at École des Mines de Nantes where he leads the Ascola team, a joint team with INRIA and LINA institutes that is a world leader in the foundations of Aspect-Oriented Programming, software composition, and its applications to distributed software systems. He has published over 80 publications at international peer-reviewed venues, is member of the steering committee of the AOSD and Software Composition conference series, and a member of the editorial board of the international journal Transactions in AOSD.
The teams of the INRIA partner are joint with Ecole des Mines (ASCOLA team), with Supelec (CIDRE) and with the IRISA laboratory (the other teams). Here, we describe the teams that are headed by an INRIA researcher and the CIDRE team.
The other teams are described in sections 5.1.5 and. 5.1.6
- ACES (Ubiquitous computing and Embedded system) (Leader: Michel Banâtre)
The ACES project-team is concerned with software architecture for ubiquitous computing environment. It investigates new architecture model based on spatial programming. Recently, it has proposed the "physical coupled object" paradigm which allows to define integrity properties which relies physical objects. One strong result behind integrity property verification, is related to the definition of protection mechanisms, similar to dynamic capabilities in operating systems. Applications of such a result are in safety and security areas. ACES has a unique track record in start-up creation. ACES researchers were notably behind the creation of a joint laboratory with Texas Instruments in Rennes.
- ALF (Amdahl's Law is Forever) (Leader: André Seznec)
The ALF project-team regroups researchers in microarchitecture, software/compiler optimization, and real-time systems. Multicore processors are now becoming mainstream for both general-purpose and embedded computing. Within a decade it will become feasible to build 1000's core processor chips, but most applications will not be fully parallelized. The long-term goal of the ALF project-team is to allow the end-user to benefit from the 2020's many-core platforms. ALF addresses this issue through architecture design, compiler technology and performance prediction/guarantees. The team is recognized as world leader in branch prediction. André Seznec has been nominated senior ERC Fellow with the project Defying Amdahl's Law.
- ASAP (As Scalable as Possible) (Leader: Anne-Marie Kermarrec)
ASAP is concerned with the theory, design and implementation of dynamic large-scale distributed systems. We are addressing the design and development of fully decentralized (peer to peer) protocols intended to provide novel solutions to network coding, video streaming, data management, Web search, recommendations systems, rumor dissemination, event notification and social networks. The other strand concerns the theory of distributed algorithms to study possibility and impossibility results, the power of specific computing models, their resilience to failures and arbitrary behaviors as well as privacy and free-riders tracking issues. Anne-Marie Kermarrec is junior ERC Fellow on the project GOSSPLE, aimed at developing gossip protocols for a fully decentralized Internet.
- CELTIQUE (Software certification through semantic analysis) (Leader: Thomas Jensen)
CELTIQUE is concerned with the static analysis and verification of software. The team develops static analyses for imperative and object-oriented languages, with a particular emphasis on developing provably correct static analyses using theorem provers and automated decision procedures. The primary application area targeted by these analyses is the verification of properties pertaining to the security of Java and the Java virtual machine, notably the protection of data and control of access to resources. Celtique has a leading position in the world on certified static analyses and is the national referent for static security analysis of Java.
- CIDRE (Distributed algorithms and intrusion detection) (Leader: Ludovic Me)
The newly formed CIDre project studies new security solutions for nodes and network of nodes, in particular through the use of classical but potentially revised approaches coming from the distributed computing field. More especially, we focus on three different aspects of security: privacy, trust, and intrusion detection. Members of the Cidre team are recognized on an international level for their work in intrusion detection, and are on the national forefront on the emerging topic of privacy in ICT.
- DISTRIBCOM (Distributed Models and Algorithms for the Management of Telecommunication Systems) (Leader: Albert Benveniste)
The DISTRIBCOM team addresses models and algorithms for distributed network and service management, and the distributed management of Web services and business processes. We study models of distributed and concurrent systems (scenarios, nets, event structures) and develop workflow and document based formalisms for Web services orchestrations. We develop the fundamentals of Quality of Service (models for timing, security, and multi-dimensional, multi-aspect QoS, contract theories) and distributed algorithms for the observation, control, planning, and optimization of widely distributed systems. Our vision is to develop distributed infrastructures for performing Web scale autonomic management.
- MYRIADS (Design and implementation of autonomous distributed systems) (Leader: Christine Morin)
The MYRIADS team (born from the PARIS team in 2010) is concerned with parallel and distributed systems programming. While the PARIS team‘s focused on Grid computing, we now target the Internet of services and Cloud computing. We design and implement distributed operating systems for large scale federated virtualized infrastructures aiming at autonomous and efficient resource management and dependable application execution. We study generic frameworks for dynamic self-adaptation of component and service-based applications, and investigate an unconventional programming model based on the chemical metaphor for autonomous service computing. MYRIADS is the architect of the XtreemOS operating system (an open source Grid operating system with native support for virtual organizations), was coordinator of the Eurepean IP that built XtreemOS, and is currently coordinating the European project Contrail on nfrastructures for cloud computing.
- TEMICS (Digital image processing, modeling and communication) (Leader: Christine Guillemot)
TEMICS develops theoretical tools and practical solutions in the areas of 2D/3D image and video compression, communication and security. The team focuses on multi-view videos analysis for compression, 3D rendering and scene navigation. We design algorithms for sparse and scalable 2D and 3D video representations, and for perceptual coding based on computational models of visual perception. We develop tools based on signal processing, coding and information theory for robust image and video transmission over heterogeneous, time-varying wired and wireless networks. The team has made significant contributions to watermarking and fingerprinting for content security and plays a central role in the standardization process on video formats.
- TEXMEX (Multimedia content-based indexing) (Leader: Patrick Gros)
TEXMEX focuses on collections of documents, which are voluminous, multimodal and have a semantic content. We consider documents from the media world (TV, radio, newspapers) and their diffusion channels (broadcast, internet, mobiles). Our first goal is to develop methods and tools to analyze, structure, describe, and "understand" these documents, in order to be able to access their contents. Our second goal is to develop ways to use these documents within applications like information retrieval, navigation in large collections, summarization, repurposing. Integrating security policies is becoming an emerging concern in the team: our long-term goal is to facilitate the use and re-use of the documents in a secure environment. Texmex participates to European NoE, IP, and the KIC projects and is involved in the large French Quaero project.
- Visages (Vision, action and information management system in health) (Leader : Christian Barillot)
Visages is a joint research team of INSERM and INRIA. Visages activities focus onthe research and development of new algorithms in medical imaging, information processing and computer assisted intervention in the context of CNS diseases. Visages addresses the general problems of better understanding of normal and pathological brain organs and systems behaviour, at different scales, and the promotion and the support of Virtual Organizations of biomedical actors by means of healthgrid's technologies.
- CREM (Center of Research in Economics and Management)Key persons: Thierry Pénard, Raphael Suire
CREM is a laboratory affiliated to the CNRS, the University of Rennes 1 and the University of Caen. CREM has four teams (Macroeconomic and Finance, Social Choice and Public economics, Marketing and Management, Industrial organization and behavioural economics). In the last national evaluation, CREM was ranked A. Research dedicated to digital economy and network economics concerns 1) the strategies and business models in digital markets 2) the economics of free open source software 3) the economics of online communities and social media 4) the regulation of digital markets and Internet activities 5) the adoption and usage of Information Technologies (Internet usage patterns, mobile phone usage, digital divide) 6) the socio-economic impact of the Internet (impact on working conditions, firm's performance, individual well-being, sociability) 7) the geography of digital activities and innovation.
- CRPCC (Research Center in Psychology, Cognition, Communication CRPCC, EA 1285)
Key persons: Eric Jamet; Nicolas Guéguen; Nicolas Michinov
The CRPCC is a multi-sites research unit (Rennes 2 University, South Brittany University and Western Brittany University). The CRPCC groups together in a federative and cooperative spirit four sub-disciplinary constituents: the LAUREPS (social psychology), the LESTIC (ergonomics and behavioral science), the LPDE (developmental and educational psychology) and the LPE (cognitive psychology, ergonomic psychology and psychometric modeling) with a total of 58 permanent researchers and 27 phD students. The laboratory has published 210 research papers over the years 2006-2010 and 100 chapters in scientific books. CRPCC was ranked A by the French Evaluation Agency for Research and Higher Education (AERES). Researches on ICT are focused on individual and social acceptability, human computer interaction and user experience in health, transport, education and multimedia, e-learning, consumer behavior or collaborative learning.
- IODE (Western Institute of Law and European Studies, UMR 6262, CNRS)
Key person : Annie Blandin-Obernesser
The IODE is a research laboratory affiliated with the University of Rennes 1 and theCNRS. IODE hosts the Rennes Jean Monnet Centre of excellence which pursues Europe-oriented multi-field activities in partnership with other laboratories. IODE was ranked A at the last national evaluation. IODE promotes cross-cutting lines of research on: European law including internal and international aspects, health and social welfare, insurance and patrimonial law, environment and sustainable development, ICT and information society, focusing on the regulation of electronic communications markets, and on the legal framework for innovative services, contents and uses (advertising, professional practices, user-created contents...). An horizontal approach is promoted in order the cross ICT legal issues with other branches of law (labour law, environment law...). The reflection on regulation of emerging technologies and markets is also led.
- M@RSOUIN (Mole for Research on the Information Society and Uses of the Internet)
Key persons: Godefroy Dang Nguyen (Marsouin) and Eric Jamet (Loustic)
M@rsouin is a research team (GIS) supported by the Breton Council working with public and private partners on the uses of ICT. It is built on Breton Social Science Research Centre workforces and gathers laboratories in the 4 mains Breton universities (Université de Rennes 1, Rennes 2, Université de Bretagne sud et université de Bretagne occidentale) and 3 graduate schools (Telecom Bretagne, Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Rennes and ENSAI). The M@rsouin's main fields of research are :1) E-learning: how digital technologies change and contribute to new forms of learning 2) Social interaction: creation of new sociability, new sharing process, new information and knowledge production with the use of IT. 3) Public area: this field refers to the way digital technologies help public policy makers decide and citizens control.4) Market: Economic impact of ICT and definition of new business models.
Research addresses 3 themes: 1/ ultra high speed optical signal processing functions and sub-systems for access and core telecommunication networks, such as semiconductor and fiber laser sources, optical signal sampling and regeneration based on absorption or gain or phase modulation optical waveguides and micro-cavities made of semiconductors, or glass fibers, and polymers; 2/ micro-optics modules for optical communication, integrated optics technologies based on polymer and nanoporous silicon for telecom and health applications; 3/ optical and optoelectronic sensors for health (oriented towards aged people care and food security). Experimental research is supported by the platforms CCLO, PERSYST and CARACAS
- Antennas and Microwaves department, 2 teams: Complex Radiating Systems (IETR-E1) and Functional Materials (IETR-E2)
Key persons: Raphaël Gillard (h10), Ronan Sauleau (h12, IUF)
The Antennas & Microwave department is one of the largest academic research Department in the antenna area in Europe. It gathers top level expertise on various research fields: electromagnetic modeling and optimization, miniature antennas, wide band and ultra wide band antennas, advanced antenna concepts (electromagnetic band gap material, metamaterials, magnetodielectric materials, ferroelectric materials, reflect-arrays, etc.), millimeter wave antennas (passive and active antennas, lens antennas, transmit-arrays, etc.), electromagnetic compatibility and near-field studies, radio on fiber, and bio-electromagnetics. The research staff has extremely strong connections with industry (more than 120 research contracts over the last 4 years) and very strong visibility and attractivity. It has been involved deeply in the FP5, FP6 and FP7 initiatives.
- Communication Systems department, 2 teams: Digital Communication Systems (IETR-E3) and Signal, Communication and embedded systems (IETR-E4)
Key persons: Jean-François Hélard, Jacques Palicot, Maryline Hélard, Christophe Moy
In the field of digital communications, the Communication department of IETR has performed breakthrough contributions for the optimization of future communication systems, with the objective of providing very high transmission rates while guaranteeing excellent quality of service. The teams have a strong experience on broadband digital communication systems, related signal processing techniques (OFDM, MIMO, space-time coding, UWB, channel coding, time reversal…) and hardware prototyping to make platforms heterogeneous and flexible. Their areas of excellence cover all broadband wireless applications like 4G cellular networks, software and cognitive radio, broadcasting of future generation mobile and terrestrial television, WLAN WPAN, gigabit home area networks, satellite applications, power line communications or applications using subscriber lines or fibers optics.
- Image and Automation department, team: Image (IETR-E5)Key persons: Olivier Deforges (h10)
This team gathers high level skills in image and video processing domain: compression, understanding, with an original approach associating algorithm development and their fast integration into embedded multicomponent platforms. In Pattern Recognition, the team aims at defining new descriptors for image indexing. In the domain of image and video compression, the team designs a new coding method called LAR with advanced functionalities: lossy to lossless compression, scalability both in resolution and quality, partial encryption, fine Region of Interest coding, embedded steganography. The team also studies 3D video, in particular with regards to models and representations. The team also actively contributes to standardization in the JPEG-AIC and MPEG RVC groups. In particular, the LAR is currently in a "pre Core Experiment" process for the last JPEG Call For Proposal for new coding technologies for natural and medical images.
- Propagation, Localization and Teledetection department, team: Propagation, Localization (IETR-E9)
Achievements: The Propagation & Localization Department is involved in propagation studies with the objective to improve performances of communication and localization systems for emerging technologies in the Information society. Our main originality and strength is the broad field of aggregated expertise on various frequency bands and technologies, balancing experimentation and modeling. The Department has a strong and recognized expertise which takes roots deep in the past in the emphasis always made on system realization as well as a strong involvement in cooperative projects at different level (Regional, National and European).
- CAIRN (Energy efficient computing architectures with embedded reconfigurable resources) (Leader: Olivier Sentieys)
The scientific aim of the CAIRN team is to study reconfigurable system-on-chip, i.e. hardware systems whose configuration may change before or even during execution. To this end, CAIRN intends to approach reconfigurable architectures from three angles: the invention of new reconfigurable platforms, the development of associated transformation, compilation and synthesis tools, and the exploration of the interaction between algorithms and architectures.
- TRISKELL (Model-Driven Engineering for Component-Based Software) (Leader: Jean-Marc Jézéquel)
The research domain of the Triskell project-team is the model driven development and validation of software product lines, ranging from the Internet of Things to the Internet of Services. Triskell is particularly interested in component based, dynamically adaptable systems with quality of service constraints, including reliability, performance, timeliness etc. The long-term goal of the Triskell project-team is investigate new ways of building and validating these systems by unifying Model Driven Engineering, Aspect Oriented Software Development, Product-Line Engineering, Component Based Software Development, and Generative Programming.
- BUNRAKU (Perception, decision and action of real and virtual humans in virtual environments and impact on real environments)( Leader: Georges Dumont)
The Bunraku research group objective is to develop cross fertilization of researches in the fields of virtual reality and virtual human. The challenge is to allow real and virtual humans to naturally interact in a shared virtual environment. This objective is very ambitious as it requires developing and federating several research fields. However, it is fundamental for several areas such as taking into account the human activity in manufacturing, the individual or collective training process, or the human study in cognitive sciences. The team gathers competencies in complementary research areas that allow us to address most of the problems to be solved. Concerning other domains, strong collaborations with well known research labs in their respective fields are developped.
- METISS (Speech and sound data modeling and processing) (Leader: Frédéric Bimbot)
The METISS research group is dedicated to audio, speech and music processing, with a particular focus on audio signal description, segmentation and structuring, audio scene analysis and source separation, automatic information extraction in spoken contents (speech/speaker recognition), and advanced models and algorithms for music information retrieval. This is based on probabilistic models, such as Hidden Markov Models and Bayesian Networks, with a focus on robust modelling, training and decision. Sparse representations and decompositions are also central to our activities concerning description and separation of audio signals.
- ASCOLA (ASpect and COmposition LAnguages) (Leader: Mario Südholt, 11 Faculty members)
ASCOLA is concerned with the design of programming languages. The team addresses the problem of evolving software by developing languages for building software architectures based on components and aspects, describing distribution itself, energy consumption (see Entropy), and security properties. The team develops formally defined theories for these languages and studies their implementation for application domains including cluster-based infrastructures.ASCOLA organized ECOOP 2006 in Nantes and participated to AOSD 2010 in San Malo. ASCOLA members are involved in the European Network of Excellence AOSD-EUROPE, have participated to the STREP EASYCOMP and FP6 AMPLE, coordinated the ANR projects: ARPEGE CESSA, Blanc FLFS and ARPEGE SelfXL.
- GDD-ATLAS-GRIM (Distributed Data Management) (Leader: Pascal Molli, 12 Faculty members)
GDD-GRIM is concerned with the problem of complex data management in large-scale distributed systems. The team develops distributed algorithms to manage consistency of data, query processing, data integration, classification and information retrieval in the context of autonomous communities.GDD-GRIM members organized EDBT 2006 in Nantes and participated to VLDB 2009 in Lyon. They have been involved in the FP6 STREP Grid4All, FP7 STREP SM4ALL and FP6 IP QUALIPSO projects as well as the ANR VERSO Dataring, RNTL XWIKI-Concerto, RNTL Libresource, ANR Blanc Concordant and ANR ARPEGE STREAMS.
The team is concerned with theory, algorithms and systems for optimization. Its goal is to advance research in the field of constraint programming in order to (1) synthesize general purpose and specialized optimization components for different platforms that can be deployed, maintained, enhanced and used in a cost effective and friendly way, (2) achieve convergence between discrete and continuous constraint technologies, (3) consider complex large scale dynamic problems. The team put into practice the techniques developed on focused industrial problems originating from various areas, and in particular on energy related applications. Contraintes organized CP 2006 in Nantes. Contraintes members participated to the FP6 STREP NetWMS, the ANR projects: Blanc CANAR, ARPEGE SelfXL and Blanc BOOLE.
- TALN (Natural Language Processing) (Leader: Béatrice Daille, 10 Faculty members)
TALN develops theoretical models, practical solutions, and free components for unstructured-data software architecture in NLP that deals with the analysis of written natural language in its two synchronic and diachronic dimensions. The team addresses problems such as sentiment analysis, plagiarism detection, document anomymisation, document profiling, automatically learned resources for machine translations and humans.TALN members are involved in two European FP7 projects: TTC Strep and NoE Pascal2. They are coordinating two ANR projects: TL Blogoscopie and CONTINT MeTRICC
- MOM - CMD (Materials and Hyperfrequency Devices Conception), Leader : Christian Person
Key persons: Christian Brosseau, Patrick Queffelec, Christian Person, Eric Rius
The CMD team associates skills in physics, chemistry, electronics and electromagnetism to develop scientific knowledge on hyperfrequencies applications and completely master systems conception from the basic material up to the technological process. This team is particularly involved in European projects (3 new projects are starting), in the organization of conferences on microwaves (e.g. EuMW, EuMC), one member of the team is vice-chairman of the Commission K of URSI-France. Notice also strong links with industrial partners, in particular with France Telecom (via the common Lab Whist on the body-waves interactions)
- CACS - COM (Communications), Leader : Samir Saoudi
Key persons: Ramesh Pyndiah, Gilles Burel
This team is internationally recognized for several major contributions in digital communications. Members of the team extended the concept of iterative information processing to binary BTC (Block Turbo Codes), turbo equalization, turbo CDMA and turbo source channel decoding. More recent contributions deal with codes for very high data rates and Turbo Network Coding. Other major contributions are: blind digital communication interception, space-time communications, under-water communications and space-time coding. Fourteen papers are cited more than 50 times with a maximum citation of 532. This team has several international collaborations with many academics and serves on several IEEE technical committee (TCC Europe for the Oceanic Engineering Society), organization of many conferences and TPC committees. It has developed strong links with industrial partners, like France Telecom, Fujitsu, Thalès, Sercel ...
- CACS - IAS (Algorithm-Silicium Integration), Leader : Catherine Douillard
Key persons: Claude Berrou, Emmanuel Boutillon, Catherine Douillard, Michel Jezequel, Amer Bagdhadi
This team is highly recognized for its contributions on digital communication algorithms combined with their implementation on circuits, the most cited paper of the team scoring 5792 citations and eleven papers being cited more than 100 times. The IAS team members are at the origin of the first encoder/decoder circuit in 1993 and have recently designed a decoder implemented on FPGA running at the bitrate of 10 Gbit/s, which outperforms all existing implementations. The team has also contributed to the development of standards, through the turbo-codes invention, adopted by several standards like 3GPP (and for which Pr. Claude Berrou received the Marcony Prize and was elected as a member of the Académie des Sciences in 2007), but also through its active participation to the DVB (RCS, T2) standards. At the moment, a member of the team is in charge of a working group of the DVB-NGH standard.
- CACS – MOCS (Methods and Tools for Circuits and Systems), Leader : Jean-Philippe Diguet
(Part of the team contributing to COMING Labs)
- Key persons/: Jean-Philippe Diguet, Guy Gogniat, Philippe Coussy, Eric Senn
This team is highly recognized in efficient circuit design methodologies for power/energy efficiency and low design time productivity. MOCS initiates pioneering work in the field of Model Driven Architecture applied to circuit design. High-Level Synthesis (co-chairing DATE conference on the topic, worldwide diffusion of an academic HLS tools), Power/Energy estimation (heading one of the biggest french ANR plateform on the topic) and Codesign tools (two Europeans project on that topic) are areas of excellence of MOCS.
- CID - SFIIS (Security, Reliability, Information and Systems Integrity), Leaders : Jean-Marc Le Caillec and Frédéric Cuppens
Key person: Frédéric Cuppens
The research conducted by the SFIIS, in particular on security problems has yielded results that have been discussed in several high impact papers (up to 523 citations), with in particular the joint design of the Or-BAC (Organization Based Access Control) security policies expression model and the development of the CRIM (Cooperative Intrusion Detection framework) module. We notice also the participation to the European NoE ECRYPT (2004-2008). A member is expert for the NSF, and co-animates the Diwall GIS.
- CID - RCSI (Knowledge Network, Systems and Interactions), Leader : Philippe Picouet
Key person: Gilles Coppin
The RCSI team has developed strong research activities on advanced man-machine interaction and cooperation, and on information system, leading to international partnerships and agreements supporting researchers and students exchanges and cooperative research programs (one RCSI member is Affiliate professor to MIT). RCSI members have been representing France in several NATO working groups (focused on human factors, information systems), and are also involved as experts at European (FP7) and national (French MOD, Allistene) level. RCSI has built remarkable and innovative industrial partnership. A joint laboratory (ATOL) has been launched with Thales Airborne Systems. RCSI members have been leading a European research group (Human Centred Process) within the European Association of Operational Research and consequently created and organized streams of international conferences (HCP international and HUMOUS conferences).
- Key persons: J.L. Coatrieux, J.C. Daubert, G. Carrault, R. De Crevoisier, H. Saint-Jalmes, F. Wendling, L. Albera, A.I. Hernandez, L. Senhadji.
LTSI is conducting research in biomedical engineering at the interface of Health, ICT and Integrative Physiology, with two main axes: Biomedical Signal processing and modelling (EPIC & SEPIA teams); Medical Image processing and modelling and interventional imaging (ACTIVE & IMPACT teams). Seminal works have been conducted in the field of Cardiac resynchronisation therapy and of multiformalism modelling and simulation in close links with clinics. The achieved results within the minimally invasive endovascular interventions led to the creation of a company. LTSI's translational researches are related to vascular and cardiovascular therapies, epilepsy and tumour therapies. LTSI teams bring expertise on biosignal processing and modelling, image analysis, multimodal imaging fusion, motion estimation, reconstruction, MRS/MRI methods, visualization and augmented reality, navigation, guidance of interventional procedures.
- LaTIM (Laboratoire de traitement de l'information médicale)/ team contributing to COMIN Labs
Key persons: C. Roux, D. Visvikis, C. Hamitouche, E. Stindel
The LaTIM is a world-wide recognized contributor in Navigated Orthopaedic surgery and multi-modality imaging in oncology, including PET and PET/CT imaging. E. Stindel, a surgeon of the team, has performed the first navigated high tibial osteotomy surgery, ever made, in May 2005. Commercial systems for guiding implant installation, have been designed in the lab. In oncology, the team develops innovative and original approaches for automatic, accurate, reliable determination of image based indices for guiding diagnosis and therapy, in association with the major manufacturers of the domain (Siemens, GE, Philips). The works on the correction of patient respiratory motion have lead to both national and international awards and patents.
TELECOM BRETAGNE teams
- TB-GERME (Activity Mobility Management and Multihoming support), Leader : Xavier Lagrange
Key persons: Xavier Lagrange, Jean-Marie Bonnin, Nicolas Montavont
GERME members proposed several protocol extensions for a joint management of mobility and multihoming that reduce the overhead due to IP tunneling, which were adopted by IETF (two RFCs in the Ed. Queue) They optimized handover techniques by considering it both at the link and network layers and with multiple heterogeneous access networks. They investigated multicast and cooperative data link protocols and studied routing protocols for sensor networks. These works lead to several high level publications and patents.
- TB-PRATIC (Network protocols and architectures for innovative communication technologies), Leader: Laurent ToutainKey persons: Laurent Toutain, David Ros Sanchez
The main achievements have consisted in making internet architecture evolve to handle new constraints (mobility, reduced energy consumption, security). Since the beginning of IPv6 standardisation, PRATIC members have actively participated to several RFCs and deployed the first experimental IPv6 network (included into Renater). They participate to the animation of the french community and develop international relations through the G6 association that L. Toutain chairs. Their work on transitions mechanisms has been recognized through the Cisco research grant in 2009. They also have strong collaboration with ETSI on IPv6 tests and M2M.
- TB-TEMON (Traffic Engineering and Metrology for Operated Networks), Leader: Annie Gravey
Key persons: Annie Gravey, Sandrine Vaton, Gwendal Simon
The team participates to the major EC funded NoE on the Future Internet (EuroNF and BONE), metrology activity: high visibility publications and 2 successive Best Paper awards in NGI'2008 and LANOMS'2009. The workshop on Traffic Analysis and Classification (TRAC) co-organized with Pisa University has obtained the "Best Workshop Award" in IWCMC 2010. Original methods for distributing video traffic over the Internet have been proposed and used in particular in the DGE funded P2PIm@ges that received a Best Demo award during the 2009 NEM Summit.
- TB-Optics and photonics, Leader : Jean-Louis de Bougrenet
Key persons: Philippe Gravey, Jean-Louis de Bougrenet de la Tocnaye, Trevor Hall
Research in this team has lead to the creation of the Optogone company (special Anvar Prize in 2001). Several major results have been obtained in the telecommunications area, the more recent being the first tunable VCSELs, based of liquid crystals stabilized by polymer. In diffractive optics domain, the design of a massively parallel photoplotter for direct photolithograph in polymers has lead to the creation of the Holotetrix company (in 2008). In the metrology context, the design of a high resolution optical sensor to measure absolute salinity was patented and transferred to industry. In the liquid crystals domain, innovation yielded by the team has allowed the creation of the Lyxis company in 2006 (to manufacture welding helmets) and in 2009 of the Eyes3shut company (active 3D glasses for cinema and serious games).